Understanding the Basics of Law


The main functions of law in a society are to preserve the status quo, protect minorities against majorities, promote social justice, and facilitate orderly social change. Some legal systems are better than others at accomplishing these goals. Authoritarian governments, for example, often oppress political opponents and minorities. Many nations, including those of Britain, France, and the Netherlands, built empires through colonialism.

Rules of procedure

Rules of procedure for law are the rules that govern how cases are heard in court. There are various rules for both criminal and civil proceedings. Moreover, these rules govern how witnesses and evidence are cited in a court of law. If you need to make an appeal in court, you can refer to the relevant Rules of Evidence.

These rules are designed to provide consistency and fairness throughout the court proceedings. They help speed up a case and provide an equitable outcome. However, if these rules are not followed correctly, a party may not be able to obtain the justice that they seek.

Institutional basis

The institutional basis of law is the set of norms and practices that govern a legal system. Often, this body of law is a combination of rules, institutions, and social pressure. State institutions often use threat of imprisonment to enforce their decisions, and social pressure is often used to force disputing parties to come to a compromise. In many cases, state institutions are unfamiliar with customary law, and the norms they adopt are often incompatible with socially observed norms.

Depending on the country, these institutions differ in the way they are influenced by political process and legal norms. Various constitutional and statutory provisions have been adopted to balance judicial independence from political manipulation and judicial responsiveness to popular values.

Legal profession

The Legal Profession course is a team-based course that places students into practice groups that reflect their area of specialization. These groups complete various assignments based on the lawyer-competency rubric. Typical assignments include watching a video of a lawyer litigating a complex case and identifying specific instances where the lawyer exhibited specific characteristics.

Lawyers are responsible for enforcing the rules of society. Their work is regulated by law societies. They can choose to work in private offices or in public services. They can specialize in civil or criminal law. As a result of this differentiation, there is a hierarchy of prestige in the legal profession that correlates with social prestige.

Legal procedures

Legal procedures in law are the means by which courts and other authorities enact rules to settle disputes. These rules define our rights and obligations as citizens and provide a means of enforcing them fairly and effectively. They also explain where and when legal action should be initiated and how it should be carried out.

Legal procedures in law include filing documents, serving them on the opposition, setting hearings, preparing motions, petitions, and interrogatories, giving notice to other parties, and presiding at trials. These procedures are governed by the laws and rules of each jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions have local rules for these processes, while others operate under federal rules.

Access to justice

Access to justice in law focuses on helping people who are facing legal issues get the legal assistance they need, at affordable rates. It is also important for them to feel like they received a fair shake in the process. There are many factors to consider when it comes to access to justice in law, including procedural, substantive, and economic factors.

First, a person must recognize that they are facing a legal issue. This means understanding their rights and responsibilities. Additionally, they must learn where to find quality legal help. Sadly, many people do not seek the help they need due to their lack of understanding of the law and its practical applications.

Theme: Overlay by Kaira Extra Text
Cape Town, South Africa